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Prepositions – Time EnglishUsageExample

  • on

  • days of the week

  • on Monday

  • in

  • months / seasons
  • time of day
  • year
  • after a certain period of time (when?)

  • in August / in winter
  • in the morning
  • in 2006
  • in an hour

  • at

  • for night
  • for weekend
  • a certain point of time (when?)

  • at night
  • at the weekend
  • at half past nine

  • since

  • from a certain point of time (past till now)

  • since 1980

  • for

  • over a certain period of time (past till now)

  • for 2 years

  • ago

  • a certain time in the past

  • 2 years ago

  • before

  • earlier than a certain point of time

  • before 2004

  • to

  • telling the time

  • ten to six (5:50)

  • past

  • telling the time

  • ten past six (6:10)

  • to / till / until

  • marking the beginning and end of a period of time

  • from Monday to/till Friday

  • till / until

  • in the sense of how long something is going to last

  • He is on holiday until Friday.

  • by

  • in the sense of at the latest
  • up to a certain time

  • I will be back by 6 o’clock.
  • By 11 o'clock, I had read five pages.

Prepositions – Place/Position and Direction EnglishUsageExample

  • in

  • room, building, street, town, country
  • book, paper etc.
  • car, taxi
  • picture, world

  • in the kitchen, in London
  • in the book
  • in the car, in a taxi
  • in the picture, in the world

  • at

  • meaning next to, by an object
  • for table
  • for events
  • place where you are to do something typical (watch a film, study, work)

  • at the door, at the station
  • at the table
  • at a concert, at the party
  • at the cinema, at school, at work

  • on

  • attached
  • for a place with a river
  • being on a surface
  • for a certain side (left, right)
  • for a floor in a house
  • for public transport
  • for television, radio

  • the picture on the wall
  • London lies on the Thames.
  • on the table
  • on the left
  • on the first floor
  • on the bus, on a plane
  • on TV, on the radio

  • by, next to, beside

  • left or right of somebody or something

  • Jane is standing by / next to / beside the car.

  • under

  • on the ground, lower than (or covered by) something else

  • the bag is under the table

  • below

  • lower than something else but above ground

  • the fish are below the surface

  • over

  • covered by something else
  • meaning more than
  • getting to the other side (also across)
  • overcoming an obstacle

  • put a jacket over your shirt
  • over 16 years of age
  • walk over the bridge
  • climb over the wall

  • above

  • higher than something else, but not directly over it

  • a path above the lake

  • across

  • getting to the other side (also over)
  • getting to the other side

  • walk across the bridge
  • swim across the lake

  • through

  • something with limits on top, bottom and the sides

  • drive through the tunnel

  • to

  • movement to person or building
  • movement to a place or country
  • for bed

  • go to the cinema
  • go to London / Ireland
  • go to bed

  • into

  • enter a room / a building

  • go into the kitchen / the house

  • towards

  • movement in the direction of something (but not directly to it)

  • go 5 steps towards the house

  • onto

  • movement to the top of something

  • jump onto the table

  • from

  • in the sense of where from

  • a flower from the garden

Other important Prepositions EnglishUsageExample

  • from

  • who gave it

  • a present from Jane

  • of

  • who/what does it belong to
  • what does it show

  • a page of the book
  • the picture of a palace

  • by

  • who made it

  • a book by Mark Twain

  • on

  • walking or riding on horseback
  • entering a public transport vehicle

  • on foot, on horseback
  • get on the bus

  • in

  • entering a car  / Taxi

  • get in the car

  • off

  • leaving a public transport vehicle

  • get off the train

  • out of

  • leaving a car  / Taxi

  • get out of the taxi

  • by

  • rise or fall of something
  • travelling (other than walking or horseriding)

  • prices have risen by 10 percent
  • by car, by bus

  • at

  • for age

  • she learned Russian at 45

  • about

  • for topics, meaning what about

  • we were talking about you

 

English Irregular Verbs with Phonetic Transcription

beat /bi:t/ beat /bi:t/ beaten /'bi:tn/ become /bɪ 'kʌm/ became /bɪ 'keɪm/ become /bɪ 'kʌm/ begin /bɪ 'gɪn/ began /bɪ 'gæn/ begun /bɪ 'gʌn/ bend /bend/ bent /bent/ bent /bent/ bind /baɪnd/ bound /baʊnd/ bound /baʊnd/ bite /baɪt/ bit /bɪt/ bitten /'bɪtn/ bleed /bli:d/ bled /bled/ bled /bled/ blow /blou/ blew /blu:/ blown /bloun/ break /breɪk/ broke /brouk/ broken /'broukən/ bring /brɪŋ/ brought /brɔ:t/ brought /brɔ:t/ build /bɪld/ built /bɪlt/ built /bɪlt/ burn /bɜ:rn/ burnt /bɜ:rnt/ burnt /bɜ:rnt/ burn /bɜ:rn/ burned /bɜ:rnd/ burned /bɜ:rnd/ buy /baɪ/ bought /bɔ:t/ bought /bɔ:t/ catch /kætʃ/ caught /kɔ:t/ caught /kɔ:t/ choose /tʃu:z/ chose /tʃouz/ chosen /'tʃouzən/ come /kʌm/ came /keɪm/ come /kʌm/ cost /kɒst/ cost /kɒst/ cost /kɒst/ cut /kʌt/ cut /kʌt/ cut /kʌt/ dig /dɪg/ dug /dʌg/ dug /dʌg/ do /du:/ did /dɪd/ done /dʌn/ draw /drɔ:/ drew /dru:/ drawn /drɔ:n/ dream /dri:m/ dreamt /dremt/ dreamt /dremt/ dream /dri:m/ dreamed /dri:md/ dreamed /dri:md/ drink /drɪŋk/ drank /dræŋk/ drunk /drʌŋk/ drive /draɪv/ drove /drouv/ driven /'drɪvən/ eat /i:t/ ate /eɪt, et/ eaten /'i:tn/ fall /fɔ:l/ fell /fel/ fallen /'fɔ:lən/ feed /fi:d/ fed /fed/ fed /fed/ feel /fi:l/ felt /felt/ felt /felt/ fight /faɪt/ fought /fɔ:t/ fought /fɔ:t/ find /faɪnd/ found /faʊnd/ found /faʊnd/ fly /flaɪ/ flew /flu:/ flown /floun/ forget /fər 'get/ forgot /fər 'gɒt/ forgotten /fər 'gɒtn/ forgive /fər 'gɪv/ forgave /fər 'geɪv/ forgiven /fər 'gɪvən/ freeze /fri:z/ froze /frouz/ frozen /'frouzən/ get /get/ got /gɒt/ got /gɒt/ get /get/ got /gɒt/ gotten /'gɒtn/ give /gɪv/ gave /geɪv/ given /'gɪvən/ go /gou/ went /went/ gone /gɒn/ grow /grou/ grew /gru:/ grown /groun/ hang /hæŋ/ hung /hʌŋ/ hung /hʌŋ/ have /hæv/ had /hæd/ had /hæd/ hear /hɪər/ heard /hɜ:rd/ heard /hɜ:rd/ hide /haɪd/ hid /hɪd/ hidden /'hɪdn/ hit /hɪt/ hit /hɪt/ hit /hɪt/ hold /hould/ held /held/ held /held/ hurt /hɜ:rt/ hurt /hɜ:rt/ hurt /hɜ:rt/ keep /ki:p/ kept /kept/ kept /kept/ know /nou/ knew /nu:/ known /noun/ lay /leɪ/ laid /leɪd/ laid /leɪd/ lead /li:d/ led /led/ led /led/ learn /lɜ:rn/ learnt /lɜ:rnt/ learnt /lɜ:rnt/ learn /lɜ:rn/ learned /lɜ:rnd/ learned /lɜ:rnd/ leave /li:v/ left /left/ left /left/ lend /lend/ lent /lent/ lent /lent/ let /let/ let /let/ let /let/ lie /laɪ/ lay /leɪ/ lain /leɪn/ lose /lu:z/ lost /lɒst/ lost /lɒst/ make /meɪk/ made /meɪd/ made /meɪd/ mean /mi:n/ meant /ment/ meant /ment/ meet /mi:t/ met /met/ met /met/ pay /peɪ/ paid /peɪd/ paid /peɪd/ put /pʊt/ put /pʊt/ put /pʊt/ read /ri:d/ read /red/ read /red/ ride /raɪd/ rode /roud/ ridden /'rɪdn/ ring /rɪŋ/ rang /ræŋ/ rung /rʌŋ/ rise /raɪz/ rose /rouz/ risen /'rɪzən/ run /rʌn/ ran /ræn/ run /rʌn/ say /seɪ/ said /sed/ said /sed/ see /si:/ saw /sɔ:/ seen /si:n/ sell /sel/ sold /sould/ sold /sould/ send /send/ sent /sent/ sent /sent/ set /set/ set /set/ set /set/ shake /ʃeɪk/ shook /ʃʊk/ shaken /'ʃeɪkən/ shine /ʃaɪn/ shone /ʃoun, ʃɒn/ shone /ʃoun, ʃɒn/ shoot /ʃu:t/ shot /ʃɒt/ shot /ʃɒt/ show /ʃou/ showed /ʃoud/ shown /ʃoun/ shut /ʃʌt/ shut /ʃʌt/ shut /ʃʌt/ sing /sɪŋ/ sang /sæŋ/ sung /sʌŋ/ sink /sɪŋk/ sank /sæŋk/ sunk /sʌŋk/ sit /sɪt/ sat /sæt/ sat /sæt/ sleep /sli:p/ slept /slept/ slept /slept/ smell /smel/ smelt /smelt/ smelt /smelt/ smell /smel/ smelled /smeld/ smelled /smeld/ speak /spi:k/ spoke /spouk/ spoken /'spoukən/ spell /spel/ spelt /spelt/ spelt /spelt/ spell /spel/ spelled /speld/ spelled /speld/ spend /spend/ spent /spent/ spent /spent/ spill /spɪl/ spilt /spɪlt/ spilt /spɪlt/ spill /spɪl/ spilled /spɪld/ spilled /spɪld/ spit /spɪt/ spat /spæt/ spat /spæt/ spit /spɪt/ spit /spɪt/ spit /spɪt/ split /splɪt/ split /splɪt/ split /splɪt/ spoil /spoɪl/ spoilt /spoɪlt/ spoilt /spoɪlt/ spoil /spoɪl/ spoiled /spoɪld/ spoiled /spoɪld/ stand /stænd/ stood /stʊd/ stood /stʊd/ steal /sti:l/ stole /stoul/ stolen /'stoulən/ strike /straɪk/ struck /strʌk/ struck /strʌk/ swim /swɪm/ swam /swæm/ swum /swʌm/ take /teɪk/ took /tʊk/ taken /'teɪkən/ teach /ti:tʃ/ taught /tɔ:t/ taught /tɔ:t/ tear /teər/ tore /tɔr/ torn /tɔrn/ tell /tel/ told /tould/ told /tould/ think /θɪŋk/ thought /θɔ:t/ thought /θɔ:t/ throw /θrou/ threw /θru:/ thrown /θroun/ understand /ʌndər 'stænd/ understood /ʌndər 'stʊd/ understood /ʌndər 'stʊd/ wake /weɪk/ woke /wouk/ woken /'woukən/ wear /weər/ wore /wɔr/ worn /wɔrn/ win /wɪn/ won /wʌn/ won /wʌn/ write /raɪt/ wrote /rout/ written /'rɪtn/

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